Optical fibers are strands of super pure flexible glass used in telecommunications and they could be as thin as human hair. These fine chain transit digital signals in the form of light. A two layer plastic coating is presented in each fiber so that they reflect light back to the core and move it forward without too much loss. There are many such fiber is arranged in the package a set of functions and these package called optical fiber cable. A cable buffer coating again final outer for additional protection from water and other damaging agents.
Fiber optic communication in mobile through two main types of fiber optic cable. Laser light through the single mode fiber optic cable transmission signal and the multimode cable, LEDs or light-emitting diodes do this job. Multimode cable thicker, heavier than single-mode cable. Basic principle of total internal reflection works to transmit light signals in optical fiber communication from origin to destination.
In addition to the cable itself, other parts are very basic component system. A “transmitter” is a device generates coded light signal through the cable. When the optical signals in mobile distance, they will become weak, now an “optic regenerator” they copy the complete signal and regeneration stream connected to the full in the future. A shorter version of the optical cable may not need an optic nerve regeneration. To reach its destination, an “optical receiver” receives coded light-signals and decodes them into a readable form.
Apart from telecommunications, the technology of optical fiber communication comes handy in Internet signals, medical imaging, and inspecting plumbing and sewer lines and even in digital television connections. Optical fiber cables are more helpful than conventional copper cables.
What’s the advantages of fiber optic cables?
Fiber optic cables are more cost-effective than copper wire. By replacing copper with optical fibers, the service providers as well as customers save a lot of money. The higher carrying capacity of optical fibers over copper wire is another advantage. Transmissions of more signals at a time without much interference is of great help to the customers.
Flexible, lighter and less bulky
In most urban places, there is an acute shortage of space. This limited available space is shared among subways, sewer lines and power wires. Being lighter and less bulky, they can fit in crowded and smaller places, it is easy to transport them to different places of installation. Flexibility is their gifted advantage, this very character makes them move through every corners quite easily.
Lesser degradation of signals
Fiber optic cable can preserve signal strength over a remote compared than traditional electric wire. Optical signal transmission through the cable will not interfere with each other so that you receive signals, easier and more clear understanding.
Use less power
Signal generator is used for optical fiber communication use less energy and thus save considerable amount of money on power. Since the signals are digital in nature, the computer networks pick them easily.
Since optical fibes use light for signal transmissions instead of electricity, incidences of the hazards and electric shocks are ruled out. This makes them safer than conventional wires.
Such being the amazing capabilities of bulk fiber optic cable, the new possibilities in the field optical fiber communication are always on the rise.