Fiber optic patch panels are also known as fiber distribution panels. Patch panel’s function is to terminate the fiber optic cable and provide access to the cable’s individual fibers for cross connection.
A basic fiber optic panel is typically made up of a metal frame that encloses the adapter panels, the connector couplers and a splice tray. The fiber optic cables connect to the panels through the couplers. One side of the panel is usually fixed, meaning the cables aren’t disconnected at any point. The other side of the panel is reserved for cables that can be connected and disconnected to arrange the wire circuits as needed. The splice tray allows cables to be neatly arranged in the fiber optic panel.
Fiber optic patch panels are commonly use fiber optic management unit. When you install and manage the fiber optic links, you may encounter hundreds or even thousands of fiber optic cables and cable connections. There are two types of fiber-optic panels: wall-mounted and rack-mounted. Wall mount fiber optic patch panel use the inside fiber optic adapters and patch cables, fiber optic pigtails to realize the function of optical fiber distribution. They are also used for protective connections for the fiber cables and pigtails. Wall mount fiber patch panels are mainly used in fiber optic cabling and user terminal applications. Rack mount fiber optic patch panels are used to terminate and distribute optical fiber cables, they are convenient equipment to organize and connect the fiber optic links.
Not all fiber network cables use the same type of cables or connectors, so fiber optic panels usually have several adapter types to accommodate for this. If the fiber optic panel doesn’t provide the type of adapter, one will have to be added between the adapter on the panel and the cable with the different adapter type. This can be done using either a conversion cable or a hybrid adapter. A conversion cable is simply a cable with the two different types of adapters on either end, and the hybrid adapter is one piece that connects directly to the panel. Fiber optic panels usually have several adapter types built in, and higher-end panels often have the majority of the hybrid adapters already installed.