Brief Introduction Of Protocol Converter

Posted on by FS.COM

A protocol converter, referred to as protocol translator, used to convert standard or proprietary protocol of one device to the protocol suitable for the other device or tools to achieve the interoperability, with each protocol based on many factors. It is much like a language translator, translates messages, or data streams, between networks to enable both networks to easily interpret the data. Typical types include E1 to Ethernet, V35 to Ethernet and E1 to V35. Variety protocols used in different fields like Power Generation, Transmission & Distribution, Oil & Gas, Automaton, Utilities, AMR, and Remote Monitoring applications.

Structure Of Protocol Converter

The general architecture of a protocol converter includes an internal master protocol communicating to the external slave devices and the data collected is used to update the internal database of the converter. When the external master requests for data, the internal slave collects data from the database and send it to the external master.

The end result of a protocol converter is to allow the protocol of one machine interact with the protocol of another, increasing the amount of machines the network can use. While the penalties normally are slight, conversion from one protocol to another may slow the connection speed, especially if the converted protocol innately has a lower data rate. Most converters have a database with several protocols, and this database is used to convert the initial protocol to another format.

Different Protocols Of Protocol Converter

The majority of networks have many machines using different protocols, and these protocols dictate how a machine acts. These protocols are determined by several factors, including data rate, encryption methods, file and message formats and associated service, because some services exclusively use one protocol. A protocol converter is tasked with taking this protocol and changing it to another one.

Most protocol converter units are programmed to understand a handful of different protocols, and these units use an internal database to track all the protocols. This database will store all the factors associated with the known protocols, and the database also is tasked with helping this device understand what needs to be changed to alter one protocol to another. Unlike regular databases, which can be manually updated, this database typically is locked from users.

Features Of Protocol Converter

Protocol converters provide physical conversion between ITU-T G.703 standard E1 interface and standard V.35, RS232, RS422 converter, RS485 converter and 10M/100M Ethernet interface, offering security and seamless link for communication between different devices with different interfaces. Protocol supports IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.1 P, 802.1Q (VLAN). The interface converter transfers data with V.35, RS232, RS485, RS422 output. E1 interface is compatible with ITU-T G.703, G.704 and G.823 supporting BNC 75Ω/unbalance impedance and RJ45 120Ω/balance impedance with speed rates range of 64K~2.048Mbps. Single and multi E1 and framed E1 (FE1) channels; data interface and Ethernet interface; mini rack and 19 inch rack; 220V, 110V, 48V power supply or both are optional, as well as TDM over IP devices.

Protocol converter series may put into action the actual transformation in between single E1 protocol port as well as protocol ports of V.35, V.24, RS232 Ethernet converter or Ethernet within the tranny system; it may be thoroughly utilized in numerous being able to access problems with regard to providers as well as commercial clients, for example DDN, ATM, as well as for that transformation in between router and E1 port, or even the actual occasion exactly where Ethernet tend to be interconnected from divided internet websites through SDH or even additional tranny gear.

A protocol converter usually is helpful. Protocols are software installed on the routers, they are widely used in a variety of industries for applications such as building and process automation. Protocol converters also are used for substation automation, or a system for managing and controlling equipment in an electric power system.

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